Thursday, March 17, 2011

Moebius - Jodorowsky : The Incal


Jean Henri Gaston Giraud (born May 8, 1938 is a French comics artist.
Giraud has earned worldwide fame, not only under his own name but also under the pseudonym Moebius,
and to a lesser extent Gir, the latter appearing mostly in the form of a boxed signature at the bottom of the artist's paintings, for instance the volumes' covers.

The Lieutenant Blueberry character, created by Giraud and Charlier for Fort Navajo,
quickly became its most popular character, and his adventures as told in the spin-off Western serial Blueberry,

The Moebius pseudonym, which Giraud came to use for his science fiction and fantasy work,
was born in 1963.
He published his first works in a satire magazine called Hara-Kiri,

Moebius did 21 strips in 1963–64 and then disappeared for almost a decade.

In 1975 Metal Hurlant (a magazine which he co-created) brought it back and in 1981 he started his famous L'Incal series in collaboration with Alejandro Jodorowsky.

Moebius' famous serial The Airtight Garage and his groundbreaking Arzach also began in Metal Hurlant.

Moebius has contributed storyboards and concept designs to numerous science fiction films.

His graphic style can change dramatically and adapt to the style and the tone of the series.
It ranges from the extreme realism of the beginning of his career as in the Aventures du lieutenant Blueberry,
started in 1963, to dream-like nature in more recent works. He has drawn etchings,
white and black illustrations, work in colour of the ligne claire genre, water colours.

The Incal is a science fiction comic book meta-series written by Alejandro Jodorowsky
and illustrated by Moebius and others.

The Incal takes place in,
and introduced Jodorowsky's "Jodoverse",

a fictional universe in which his science fiction comics take place.


Jodorowsky was born in 1929 in the coastal town of Tocopilla,
Chile to parents who were Jewish immigrants from Russia.

Alejandro Jodorowsky(born 17 February 1929) is a Chilean filmmaker,
playwright, composer and writer.

Best known for his avant-garde films,
he has been "venerated by cult cinema enthusiasts
for his work which "is filled with violently surreal images
and a hybrid blend of mysticism and religious provocation."

Jodorowsky started his comic career in Mexico
with the creation of Anibal 5 series in the mid 1966 with illustrations by Manuel Moro

The Incal even has been noted
as having a claim to be "the best comic book" ever written.

Jodorowsky has been involved in the occult and various spiritual and religious groups,
including Zen Buddhism

and forms of Mexican shamanism,
and has formulated his own spiritual system,
which he has called "psychomagic" and "psychoshamanism"

Jodorowsky received spiritual training from Oscar Ichazo
of the Arica School,
who encouraged him to take LSD
and guided him
through the subsequent psychedelic experience.

Allen Klein demanded that Jodorowsky
create a film adaptation of Pauline Réage's classic novel of female masochism,
Story of O.

Comic books set in this milieu are Incal
(trilogy: Before the Incal/ Incal/ After the Incal),
Metabarons (trilogy: Dayal de Castaka/ The Caste of the Metabarons/ The Dreamshifters)

and The Technopriests and also a RPG adaptation,
The Metabarons Roleplaying Game.


Alien (1979)
The Time Masters (1982)
Tron (1982)
Masters of the Universe (1987)
Willow (1988)
The Abyss (1989)
Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland
The Fifth Element (1997)

Giraud ( Moebius ) worked on Alejandro Jodorowsky's
film adaptation of Dune which was never completed.

George Lucas used one of Giraud's designs
for the Imperial Probe Droid in "Star Wars Episode V ": The Empire Strikes Back.

MetaMoebius (2010) - Documentary portrait of Giraud-Moebius
directed by Damian Pettigrew and co-written by Jean Giraud
for the major retrospective held at the Fondation Cartier
for Contemporary Art in Paris.


El Topo (1970)
The Holy Mountain (1973)

INCAL is one of the best Comics ever .

Alexandro Jodorowsky ( Story ) and Moebius ( Design )
release the adventures of an private detective ( Category "R" )
John Difool , who comes the owner of the " Incal ".

John DiFool, a P.I. and occasional bodyguard.
DiFool has no interest in being a hero

Deepo, his loyal and good-hearted "concrete seagull",
who is generally smarter and more resourceful than John himself.

The Metabaron, the greatest bounty hunter,
mercenary and fighter ace in the known universe and adopted father of Solune.

"Animah" and "Tanatah", two sisters charged with guarding the Light
and Dark Incals, respectively.
Tanatah hired the Metabaron to kill John Difool
and bring back his body and with it the Light Incal.

The Incal
1. L'Incal Noir ("The Dark Incal") (1981)

2. L'Incal Lumiere ("The Light Incal") (1982)

3. Ce qui est en bas (1984)

4. Ce qui est en haut (1985)

5. La cinquieme essence - Galaxie qui Songe (1988)

6. La cinquieme essence - La planete Difool (1989)

The series mixes space opera, metaphysics, and satire
The Incal was published in three volumes by Epic Comics (a division of Marvel Comics)

THE INCAL was published in Greece by the " Mamouth Comics " in the 90's .

Now is very difficult to find these comic albums in Greece .


1. Το Μαύρο Ινκαλ : Ιούλιος 1998

2. Το Ινκαλ του φωτός : Οκτώβριος 1998

3. Αυτό εκει κάτω : Φεβρουάριος 1999

4. Αυτό εκει πάνω : Ιούνιος 1999

5. Η Πέμπτη Ουσία Μέρος Α .

Ο Γαλαξίας που Ονειρεύεται : Νοέμβριος 1999

6. Η Πέμπτη Ουσία Μέρος Β .

Ο πλανήτης Ντιφουλ : Ιούνιος 2000

Εγώ τα έχω όλα . Μπούχαχα !!!

1 comment:

  1. The Incal is simply striking. the 80ies were a good time for comics. there were a lot available also. too bad that in Europe there is almost no chance for comic-artists today.